The therapist-client relationship is sacred.  I am bound by ethical and legal guidelines to maintain confidentiality in all cases except for the following:

  1. If you are in danger of hurting yourself or others, I will need to inform others to ensure the safety of all.
  2. If there is suspected child or elderly abuse, I am mandated by law to inform authorities.
  3. If you are involved in any legal proceedings, there may be instances where a court issues a subpoena requesting your file or requiring a statement about your treatment.  

In these cases, I may need to disclose certain necessary information.  As appropriate, I will make every effort to inform you before any mandated breach of confidentiality.  

Cell phones

Please be aware that I use my cellular phone to communicate with clients.  This means that, although interception is unlikely, I cannot ensure absolute confidentiality while on the phone.  


Virtual sessions are held through is a HIPPA compliant platform.